Detailed outline of requirements for completing a Majors degree in EOS.
NOTE those wishing to become professional geoscientists (see: professional registration by APEGBC) should take EOSC 110 in first year.
This area of focus stresses the application of the geological sciences, together with chemistry, physics and mathematics, towards understanding the orgins of the Earth's mineral and fossil fuel resources. This Stream is of especial interest to those who intend to establish their careers in mineral resource exploration, development, and management, and ultimately to become registered Professional Geoscientists. It also provides a strong background for thos wishing to pursue this field of study in greater detail at the Graduate Level.
Programs in this area of focus stress the application of Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics towards understanding and solving Earth Science problems and phenomena. Stream 3 is designed to provide the student with a strong background in the physical sciences as applied to the Earth sciences, and to prepare the student for a career in the mining, petroleum, and environmental industries. In addition, this program is intended to give the student the background necessary for the pursuit of higher degrees (Masters and Doctorate) in graduate school. These higher degrees are required for careers in post-secondary teaching and research in universities, government agencies, and industry.
Sedimentary Geology and Geobiology concern the chemical,
physical, and biological interactions in Earth systems that
produce the clastic and biogenic sediments making up the
stratigraphic record. Sedimentary sequences offer us insight
into the history of environmental change and the evolution
of life over geological time; they are also the sources
and accumulation sites of hydrocarbons and the hosts to
many types of mineral deposits.
This Stream is of interest to policy makers, explorationists, and those wishing to understand the grand themes of environmental change. Opportunities for employment exist in the oil and mineral industries, teaching, geological surveys, and museums. Graduate work leading to an advanced degree is advantageous.
This area of focus concentrates on the geologic processes
that operate on or near the surface of the Earth. These
processes help to determine the environment in which we
exist, and hence are fundamental to the understanding of
environmental change. The programs would be of interest
to students who seek a general background in environmental
science, as well as those who seek a career in this field.
Opportunities for employment exist in the consulting industries (e.g., hydrogeology, engineering geology, hazards assessment), government agencies, and teaching. An advanced degree in some aspect of specialization is decidedly advantageous.
"How can we find resources or contaminants that are
hidden, without disturbing the earth? What causes earthquakes,
and how can we live more safely near where they occur? Why
does Earth have a magnetic field while many other planets
do not?" These are the types of issues you can tackle
using physics, mathematics, and instrumentation to probe
into the earth, and to understand it's behaviour.
With these skills, professional geophysicists are solving a host of practical and fundamental problems that range from applying state-of-the-art approaches to locate buried oil, metal ore, and contaminants, to using high-performance computers for simulation of the flow of Martian (and terran!) ice caps. Many of our undergraduates find employment with companies involved in environmental engineering, petroleum exploration or mineral exploration.
Climate, both locally and on the global scale, is a topic
of increasing importance in today's society. In an undergradate
program emphasizing climate you will study atmospheric flow
from the microscales of turbulence to global circulation.
There are specialists at UBC in cloud physics, air pollution
dispersion, air-sea interactions, numerical prediction,
climate dynamics and variability, and urban and forest meteorology.
With skills from such a program you can make a difference in advancing our understanding of the atmosphere, and making weather forecasts for the benefit of society. Jobs abound for meteorologists with B.Sc. degrees. In fact, the Canadian Atmospheric Environment Service currently needs more meteorologists than are expected to graduate from all Canadian universities.
The incredible diversity of life on Earth through time has
resulted in a fossil record that is extremely rich in information.
Paleontologists try to unravel and understand the complexity
of the fossil record as it records the history and development
of life on Earth. Paleontology is the biological part of
geology. The physical evolution of the Earth's surface and
the evolution of the Earth's living organisms is intimately
interlinked: for example, without the evolution of organisms
such as algae and cyanobacteria, the atmosphere would never
have become sufficiently oxygenated to support all the many
forms of life that have developed.
Ancient organisms can tell us a great deal not only about relative time, but also about environments of the past. We can also use the distribution of fossil organisms to establish the past distribution of continents and oceans in space and time and to establish paleoclimate.
Paleontologists specialize in five main areas. Those who study the microscopic remains of organic microfossils, such as pollen and spores from plants, are called palynologists. Micropaleontologists study very small fossils (generally < 1 mm) such as foraminifera or conodonts because they are abundant in small samples of rock. Another group, the invertebrate paleontologists deal with invertebrate fossils such as corals, ammonites, trilobites and molluscs. Paleobotanists study fossil plants and vertebrate paleontologists study fish, mammals, dinosaurs and other vertebrates.